The governing documents of the Baptist State Convention include articles of incorporation and bylaws, which guide the convention’s overall work and cooperative efforts in ministry and missions.

Governance of the Baptist State Convention of North Carolina is a cooperative activity. It reflects historic Baptist principles related to the autonomy of the local church, and the desire of churches to work cooperatively in outreach to the world. It involves participation and actions by messengers from cooperating churches at the annual meeting, and includes daily work and management oversight provided throughout the year by those chosen for various leadership positions.